Wed Jul 1 12:49:55 SGT 2015  
SINGAPORE
GUM™
    Genital Warts
SINGAPORE GUM™
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Genital Warts | SINGAPORE GUM™

Summary

Genital Warts | SINGAPORE GUM™ @singaporegum_com: Genital warts, Singapore. Private & confidential service.

Advertisement: Come to sunny Singapore to have your testing and treatment. Singapore Ministry of Health registered general practice (GP) clinic:
SHIM CLINIC
SINGAPORE GUM™
168 Bedok South Avenue 3 #01-473
Singapore 460168
Tel: (+65) 6446 7446
Fax: (+65) 6449 7446
24hr Answering Tel: (+65) 6333 5550
Web: Genital Warts | SINGAPORE GUM™
Opening Hours
Monday to Friday: 9 am to 3 pm, 7 pm to 11 pm
Saturday & Sunday: 7 pm to 11 pm
Public Holidays: Closed
Last registration: one hour before closing time.
Walk-in clinic. Appointments not required.
Bring NRIC, Work Pass or Passport for registration.

Description

Table of Contents

Genital warts: penile warts / vaginal warts / anal warts / anogenital warts / venereal warts / condyloma / condylomata acuminata / "cauliflower" sex disease.

References

Warts - on male sex organ Genital warts appear within 3 months after sexual contact with an infected person.

Genital warts:

  • are usually soft, pink cauliflower-like growths or flesh-coloured bumps on the sex organs
  • may also be hard and smooth
  • occur alone or in groups
  • tend to recur after treatment
  • increase the risk of cervical cancer in women.


Warts - on female sex organ An infected woman may infect her newborn during childbirth.

A person with genital warts can infect others through sexual contact.



Genital warts treatment / HPV treatment

HPV / human papillomavirus.

  • 120 known human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • 51 HPV types, and 3 subtypes are genital HPV as they infect the genital mucosa.
  • 31 genital HPV types are low risk
  • 6 genital HPV types are intermediate risk
  • 17 genital HPV types are high risk
They cause Genital HPV types, cancer risk, vaccine and test coverage
Type
Species
Risk
Cervarix
Gardasil
Gardasil-9
DigeneHR
DigenePS
CobasHPV
Digene
HybriBio
PapilloCheck
InnoLiPA
LinearArray
61 3 L ----------+-
72 3 L ----------+-
81 3 L -------+--+-
83 3 L ----------+-
84 3 L ----------+-
62 3 L ----------+-
CP6108 3 L ----------+-
71 15 L ---------++-
26 5 H ---------++-
51 5 H ---+-++++++-
69 5 H ---------++-
82 5 H --------+++-
IS39 5 H ----------+-
18 7 H +++++++++++-
39 7 H ---+-++++++-
45 7 H --+++++++++-
59 7 H ---+-++++++-
68 7 H ---+-++++++-
70 7 H --------+++-
53 6 H -------++++-
56 6 H ---+-++++++-
66 6 H -----+-++++-
54 13 L ---------++-
42 1 L ------+++-+-
40 8 L --------+++-
43 8 L ------++++--
6 10 L -++---+++++-
11 10 L -++---+++++-
44 10 L ------++++--
74 10 L ---------+--
16 9 H +++++++++++-
31 9 H --++-++++++-
33 9 H --++-++++++-
35 9 H ---+-++++++-
52 9 H --++-++++++-
58 9 H --++-++++++-
67 9 H ----------+-
73 11 H --------+++-

Legend: 71 (CP 8061), 73/MM9, 81 (CP 8304), 82 (MM4), 82 (IS 39), 83 (MM7), 84 (MM8), 89 (CP 6108)

References

Cervical cancer HPV vaccine (previously known as cervical cancer vaccine) types:
  • Gardasil® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant]
  • Cervarix® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Bivalent (Types 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant]
  • V503 [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nonavalent (Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) Vaccine, Recombinant]
References Gardasil® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Quadrivalent (Types 6, 11, 16, and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] References Cervarix® [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Bivalent (Types 16 and 18) Vaccine, Recombinant] References V503 [HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Nonavalent (Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) Vaccine, Recombinant] - to be released in 2013 STD vaccine / hepatitis vaccine shot/jab/injection to prevent some STDs

Vaccine Against Disease Age D
o
s
e
s
Dose schedule Price
per
dose
(SG$)
Havrix™ 1440 Adult Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis A ≥19y 2 m 0 & 6-12 $90/=
Twinrix® Hepatitis A virus
Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
1-15y 2 m 0, 6-12 $135/=
≥16y 3 m 0, 1, 6
4 d 0, 7, 21 & m 12
Inactivated / Fractional / Protein / Subunit / Recombinant
Engerix™-B 20 μg Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B 11-15y 2 m 0, & 6 $50/=
≥20y 3 m 0, 1, & 6
4 m 0, 1, 2, & 12 or
d 0, 7, 21 & m 12
Gardasil® HPV
types 6, 11, 16, & 18
Genital warts
Cervical cancer
9-26y 3 m 0, 2, & 6 or
m 0, 1, & 4
$195/=
Cervarix® HPV
types 16, & 18
(31, 33, & 45)
10-25y 3 m 0, 1, & 6
m 0, 1, & 5
m 0, 2½, 12
$195/=
V503 HPV
types 6, 11, 16, 18,
31, 33, 45,
52, & 58
3 m 0, 2, & 6 or
m 0, 1, & 4
$???/=

HPV test for men/women.

  • Digene® High-Risk HPV DNA Test
  • Digene® HPV DNA Test
  • Digene® HPV Genotyping PS Test
  • Hybribio®
    • HPV GenoArray Test Kit
    • Detects 15 high-risk HPV types: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. And 6 low-risk HPV types: 6, 11, 42, 43, 44, CP8304
    • Able to differentiate which types are positive.
    • May be available in Singapore soon.
  • Cobas® HPV Test
    • Cobas® HPV Test
    • Detects 14 high-risk HPV types: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68
    • The test specifically identifies (types) HPV 16 and HPV 18, while concurrently detecting the rest of the high risk types (31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68)
    • Cost is SG$200/=
  • LINEAR ARRAY® HPV Genotyping Test
    • LINEAR ARRAY® HPV Genotyping Test
    • Identifies 37 high-risk HPV genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, 73 (MM9), 82 (MM4) low-risk HPV genotypes 6, 11, 26, 40, 42, 53, 54, 55, 61, 62, 64, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 81, 83 (MM7), 84 (MM8), IS39, and CP6108
  • INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra
    • INNO-LiPA HPV Genotyping Extra
    • Identifies 15 high-risk HPV genotypes (16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 68, 73, 82) 3 probable high-risk HPV genotypes (26, 53, 66) 7 low-risk HPV genotypes (6, 11, 40, 43, 44, 54, 70) and some additional types (69, 71, 74).
  • PapilloCheck®
    • PapilloCheck®
    • Identifies 24 hiv-risk HPV types 16 18 31 33 35 39 45 51 52 53 56 58 59 66 68 70 73 82 and low-risk HPV types 6 11 40 42 43 44

Sexual risk (of HIV/STD/pregnancy), and what you can do before and after exposure.

Timeline HIV STD Pregnancy
Before exposure
Abstain from sex, Be faithful, or Condom use
Circumcision (males only)
Contraception (females only)
HIV PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) STD vaccine:
- Hepatitis vaccine
- HPV vaccine
STD / HIV exposure
Unsafe sex / unprotected sex:
No condom / Condom broke / Condom slip
0-72 hours HIV prevention
HIV PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) treatment
- Stop HIV infection after exposure.
STD testing.
If STD symptoms appear, then do STD treatment.
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.
Emergency contraception (females only)
2 weeks HIV DNA PCR test
1 month 20 minute HIV rapid test - SD Bioline HIV Ag/Ab Combo:
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
3 months 20 minute HIV rapid test - OraQuick®:
- Oral saliva or
- Fingerprick blood sampling.
Full & comprehensive STD testing
- Males: Do not urinate for at least 4 hours before arriving.
- Females: testing is more accurate when you are not menstruating.

References


Latest News

The clinicopathological significances and biological functions of parafibromin expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 01:04:34 +0100 | Tumor Biology
Abstract

No change in physician discussions with patients about the Human Papillomavirus vaccine between 2007 and 2013
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Cancer Policy
Conclusions After almost a decade since the HPV vaccine was approved, there have been no significant changes in the amount of conversations physicians have with patients about the vaccine. It is important that physicians’ encounter with patients is seen as an opportunity to encourage HPV vaccine uptake, particularly among racial minorities. (Source: Journal of Cancer Policy)

P53 codon 72 polymorphism, human papillomavirus infection, and their interaction to oral carcinoma susceptibility
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | BMC Genetics
Conclusion:

High performance of combined HPV testing and genotyping for HPV16/18/52/58 in triaging women with minor cervical cytological abnormalities in northern Thailand
Tue, 30 Jun 2015 00:00:00 +0100 | Journal of Medical Virology
This study was aimed to evaluate the triage performance of combined HPV DNA testing and genotyping. Cervical samples from women with minor cytological abnormalities, who underwent colposcopy at Chiang Mai University Hospital in northern Thailand between October 2010 and February 2014, were tested for HPV DNA using Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2). Genotyping was performed using Linear Array assay. Of 223 women with cervical histology confirmation, histologic HSIL+ was detected in 25 women (11.2%). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 3 triage methods for histologic HSIL+ were; 100%, 47.5%, 19.4%, and 100% by HC2 only; 40.0%, 88.4%, 30.3%, and 92.1% by combined HC2 and genotypes HPV16/18; and 96.0%, 75.8%, 33.3%, and 99.3% by combined HC2 and genot...

[Corrections] Correction to 2015; 16: e227
Mon, 29 Jun 2015 02:52:32 +0100 | The Lancet Oncology
Lowy DR, Herrero R, Hildesheim A, for the Participants in the IARC/NCI workshop on Primary Endpoints for Prophylactic HPV Vaccine Trial. Primary endpoints for future prophylactic human papillomavirus vaccine trials: towards infection and immunobridging. Lancet Oncol 2015; 16: e226–33—In the panel, in the section on the quadrivalent vaccine for men, the second bullet point should read: “Approved in the EU by the EMA for the prevention of vaccine-type related anal lesions and for the prevention of vaccine-type related genital warts (ages ≥9). (Source: The Lancet Oncology)

Fatalistic beliefs may prevent Appalachian women from completing HPV vaccination series
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 12:10:22 +0100 | ScienceDaily Headlines
Could a fatalistic attitude toward cervical cancer serve as a barrier to prevention of the disease? A recent study suggests a link between fatalistic beliefs and completion of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series among a sample of young Appalachian Kentucky women. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)

Conservative Treatment Seems the Best Choice in Adenocarcinoma In Situ of the Cervix Uteri
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:32:41 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Conclusions: There is a small risk of relapse after conservative therapy with cold knife cone or LEEP when resection margins are negative in women with AIS. Patients should be given the options of hysterectomy or conservative therapy with strict follow-up. (Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease)

The Influence of Human Papillomavirus Genotypes on Visual Screening and Diagnosis of Cervical Precancer and Cancer
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:32:37 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Conclusions: Human papillomavirus type 16 is related to more clear visual acetowhite changes in the epithelium. Therefore, we should expect a reduction of the performance of VIA for cervical cancer screening to identify women with CIN2+, and reduction of the performance of colposcopy to diagnose CIN2+, in vaccinated populations. (Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease)

Microbiological Infections in Women With Cervical Cytological Reports of Atypical Squamous Cells of Undetermined Significance
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:32:29 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Conclusions: Cervicovaginal infections are associated with a cytological report of ASC-US. Direct microscopy of vaginal specimens allowing immediate evaluation of the vaginal microflora and infectious agents may be a useful tool in managing women with cytological reports of ASC-US. (Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease)

High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Cytology With Negative High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Tests Rarely Diagnoses Endometrial Cancer
Sat, 27 Jun 2015 05:32:26 +0100 | Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Conclusions: Women with cytologic results of HSIL and negative HR-HPV test results are more like those with cytologic results of HSIL and positive HR-HPV test results than those with cytologic results of AGC and negative HR-HPV test results and would unlikely to benefit from routine endometrial biopsy at the time of colposcopy. (Source: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease)